Ra’am (United Arab List)
The party won 4 seats in the Israeli Knesset during the March 2021 national elections.
Ra’am is associated with the southern branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel, which broke from the northern branch over the question of political participation in the Knesset and the Oslo Accords. (The northern branch boycotts Israeli elections). Ra’am largely focuses on social-economic issues for Palestinian citizens, with a conservative cultural outlook that has sometimes put it at odds with the other more secular, liberal Arab parties.
The modern Islamic movement in Israel was founded by Sheikh Abdullah Nimr Darwish in the 1970s. Following the internal split, Darwish led the southern branch.