This ECFR online project was authored by Saleh Hijazi and Hugh Lovatt with the invaluable support of Amjad Iraqi. It would not have been possible without the creativity of Marco Ugolini at who helped conceptualise and design the platform. Just as importantly have been the coders at Queo, and ECFR’s own web programmer Lorenzo Marini (Precept) to whom we owe an especially great debt of gratitude for his patience and ingenuity. Last but not least, we would like to thank our ECFR editors and communication team, in particular Adam Harrison, Katharina Botel-Azzinnaro, and Conor Quinn. Needless to say, errors or omission are purely our own. All corrections would be welcome.

Background images: Michael Plutchok via Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 3.0 (Acknowledgements); Hugh Lovatt © (Geography); Mohammed Salem/Reuters (Introduction, Security Forces, Armed Groups); White House via flickr, Public Domain Mark 1.0 (Institutions); Suhaib Salem/Reuters (Political Groups); via MaxPixel, CC0 1.0 Public Domain (Civil Society); Michael Plutchok via Wikimedia CommonsCC BY-SA 3.0 (Acknowledgements).

Landing page footage from Shutterstock