Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) is a revolutionary socialist party that was co-founded in 1967 by George Habash, Nayef Hawatmeh, and Ahmad Jibril, as an umbrella organisation for Marxist-Leninist and Arab nationalist groups. It grew out of the in the now-defunct Arab National Movement (ANM) — which was established in Beirut in 1948.
The PFLP is the second largest faction, and the main opposition force to Fatah, within the PLO. It has been in decline since the 1980s following the collapse of the Soviet Union which had been its chief benefactor, and the emergence of non-PLO groups such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
It opposes serving in the PA government and has been critical of its policies, particularly regarding security coordination with Israel. The PFLP does not support the two-state solution and instead calls for the liberation of all of historical Palestine. The PFLP has previously carried out attacks against Israeli targets, and is listed as a foreign terrorist organisation by the European Union and the United States.
In April 2016, the PFLP accused Mahmoud Abbas of halting the $70,000 in monthly stipends transferred to the group by the PLO's Palestinian National Fund (which was set up in 1964 to finance the activities of the PLO and its constituent groups) due to “its opposition to some of his [Abbas'] policies”. Similar accusations have been made by the DFLP. The decision to cut PLO funding to the PFLP was reportedly confirmed by the Palestinian National Fund in 2017.
The PFLP holds its General Conference in secret. It elects an unknown number, thought to be 18, members of the Political Bureau, most of whose identities are unknown. The last General Conference, held in 2014, re-elected Ahmad Sa’adat as secretary general.