Office of the President
According to the Basic Law, the president appoints a prime minister which must be approved by the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). In March 2020, President Mahmoud Abbas issued a presidential decree expanding the administrative and financial powers of his Office. Some legal experts criticised the law as “creating a parallel government”.
According to Article 37 of the 2003 amended Basic Law, if the PA presidency becomes vacant due to death, resignation, or loss of legal capacity, the PLC speaker will assume presidential powers and duties for a maximum of 60 days, during which national elections must be held to determine a new president.
After Yasser Arafat’s death in November 2004, then PLC-speaker Rawhi Fattouh acted as interim president of the PA for two months until the elections of Mahmoud Abbas.