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The case for green strategic autonomy

The EU should do far more to reduce its dependence on imports of energy and critical raw materials. This would help the union preserve its independence in an increasingly dangerous world.

Three key areas of Europe’s climate diplomacy

The EU’s efforts to address climate change should place more emphasis on bilateral alliances and partnerships. But these efforts will only be credible if they are firmly rooted in domestic policies.

The four pillars of European Green Deal diplomacy

The EU’s diplomacy on the European Green Deal will face real tests in the months and years to come. To meet the challenge, the union should focus on trade, climate finance, multilateralism, and domestic implementation of the deal.

Views from the capitals on COP26

COP26 concluded on 13 November with the Glasgow Climate Pact, an agreement that sets out the next phase of the fight against climate change. The pact may have disappointed many, but views of it vary a great deal depending on where you sit. Below, experts from three of ECFR’s offices – in Rome, Paris, and Berlin – discuss the implications of the deal.

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