The EU’s ‘friends in need’ have supported it through the energy crisis. The bloc must now balance buying more gas with helping supplier states develop clean energy.
‘De-risking’ could ensure the EU’s new strategic industrial policy addresses some of the major global challenges facing the bloc
Italy has revived its ambitions to become a gas hub for Europe. But the plan is destined for the same pitfalls as past plans if it is not part of a broader European strategy
Europeans made remarkable progress in removing Russian gas from their energy mix in 2022. But 2023 brings with it a whole host of new challenges
Innovating to decarbonise Bulgaria’s economy is not just about delivering the European Green Deal across the EU. It could also help guide the green transition in low-income, carbon-intensive economies elsewhere.
North African states hold great potential to partner in Europe’s longer-term energy transition – if the EU takes the right steps in the coming years
Global solidarity or collective suicide: Why we cannot abandon the Paris Agreement’s global warming target
The international climate conferences in 2022 revealed the divisions between countries on climate goals – and the need for global solidarity in climate negotiations
Russia’s war in Ukraine has exposed the link between energy and security policy. Renewable energies can help Germany gain energy sovereignty – and protect itself from security threats
What role can Germany play in Europe’s green transition and where has it come thus far?