Experts & Staff

Rafael Loss

Coordinator for Pan-European Data Projects

Areas of expertise

German and European foreign and security policy; European integration; transatlantic relations; nuclear policy


German, English


Rafael Loss is the Coordinator for Pan-European Data Projects of the European Council on Foreign Relations’ Rethink: Europe initiative, which produces the EU Cohesion Monitor and EU Coalition Explorer to explore and visualize European governance and cooperation in novel ways.

Prior to joining ECFR’s Berlin office in March 2020, Loss was a research associate at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where he worked on nuclear policy and strategy, new technologies, arms control, and U.S. security and defence policy. His essays and analyses have been published by War on the Rocks, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, among others.

He was a Fulbright fellow at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, where he earned a master’s degree in International Relations. He also holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Bremen in Germany.

In the media

Rafael Loss contributes an essay on “The added value of European coalitions: past, present, and future” to the latest based on EU Coalition Explorer work. 

While strategic stability plays some role in the German discourse, particularly among academics, there is no discussion of arms control as part of competitive military strategy.

If Joe Biden wins the US presidency, his policy on nuclear arms control is unlikely to meet German expectations of focusing primarily on disarmament, writes Rafael Loss in his article.