Fast-developing technologies such as artificial intelligence, cyber, and 5G/6G are already influencing diplomacy, geopolitics, and warfare, and are poised to affect the global balance of power.

The European debate on emerging technologies has so far primarily revolved around their economic and social consequences, and many EU member states have not yet evinced much interest in the geopolitical implications. Our work on technology focuses on the EU’s capacity to take advantage of the increasingly digital world.