European Power

Sanctions: a useful but flawed alternative to war

Sanctions are the EU's sole coercive instrument of power short of military action (Brussels, mercifully, does not engage in warfare). The EU needs to understand their impact so that it can use them more effectively.     

In 2013, the great global unraveling

The main theme of 2013 is likely to be the unraveling of the global economy and supporting political integration.   

Ten trends for 2013

2012 saw continuing crisis in the eurozone, growing Euroscepticism and populism in some corners of Europe, faltering transitions in Egypt and elsewhere, more violence in Syria, a new leadership in China, and both Putin II and Obama II. So what will 2013 hold?  

Reinventing Europe: Portugal – integrate or be marginalised

As part of the ’Reinventing Europe' project, ECFR is publishing a series of papers on the national debates within EU member states over the crisis and the future direction of Europe. In the thirteenth of the series Teresa de Sousa and Carlos Gaspar analyse the situation in Portugal.