Governments across the world have powerful digital tools to control and repress their populations. The EU should treat this as an urgent security and political concern.
Publications – Middle East and North Africa
Europeans need to deal with the Middle East as it is rather than as they want it to be, while staying focused on the principles needed to secure longer-term stability
North African standoff: How the Western Sahara conflict is fuelling new tensions between Morocco and Algeria
Europeans should pay closer attention to rising tensions between Morocco and Algeria. A more balanced European approach to both countries could help stave off instability in north-west Africa and the Mediterranean.
Europeans can play a meaningful role in the reform of Libya’s security sector if they adopt a shared strategy and operational principles
If the EU is to achieve its climate and geopolitical goals, it will need to substantially increase its engagement with Gulf states on the European Green Deal
The Egyptian regime has become somewhat more open to discussing matters such as human rights than Western capitals sometimes assume
ECFR’s policy experts examine what the Taliban takeover means for countries and regions around the world: Europe, the US, the Middle East, Russia, China, Iran, Turkey, and the Sahel
Lebanon is home to key strategic interests for the EU, which does not want another failed state on the Mediterranean
The EU and its member states can assist Tunisian leaders by providing new investment – and thereby reboot the democratic transition
The UN should pursue a “free association” option for Western Sahara – a third way that offers a realistic means of fulfilling Sahrawi self-determination