EU-Armenia: high-level, but low-profile

Armenia pragmatically tries to benefit from what the EU offers

An Armenian acquaintance recently noted that Armenia is apparently the only
Eastern Partnership (EaP) country that is really satisfied with the policy –
all the other partners want either more, or less from the EU. Of course this
highlights Armenia’s
limited (or realistic) ambitions vis-a-vis the EU. But also the fact that
Armenia, instead of constantly complaining that the EU is not doing enough
(like Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia often do), pragmatically tries to benefit
from what is on offer from the EU.

At the beginning of this year Armenia became the first country of
the Eastern neighbourhood where the EU deployed a mission of eight advisers
across a whole set of state institutions. Because the project was considered a
success the EU is about to send an additional six persons.

Initially EU’s political ambitions were relatively high – it wanted to send
not just technical advisors to line ministries, but also the presidency and the
office of the prime-minister. This was scaled back, though, after Armenia backtracked due to alleged concerns by Russia that the
EU is too intrusive. And it was not clear anyway how much ‘political’ advice Armenia wanted, since its politics remain more
autocratic than that of Ukraine,
Moldova or Georgia.

The end result is that most EU advisors are technical experts working in the
ombudsman’s office, ministry of economy, ministry of finance (one working on
customs, and another on fiscal policies), and the foreign ministry (helping the
ministry to set up a diplomatic academy). The recently announced
extension of the team should include a deputy team leader, a communications
officer and more advisors to the ministry of finance (on tax audits) and
economy (one on intellectual property rights; another on  on sanitary and
photo-sanitary standards; and a third one on barriers to trade).

Even though the official name of the EU mission has the pompous name of
“High-level EU advisory group” – neither the EU, nor Armenia boast about it. Both keep a

A Russian proverb says that if you advance quietly, you make it further
(“tishe edesh, dalshe budesh”). It might be, or might not be, the case of Armenia. Its
politics is much centralised and in terms of values it is much further away
from the EU than Ukraine, Moldova and partly Georgia. I also see no progress in
the investigation of the post-election violence of March 2008 which left at
least 10 persons dead. And anyway, so far Armenia seems more systematic in
attracting European expertise to promote some reforms than the much noisier
pro-Europeans like Ukraine and Moldova (Georgia is full of advisors from the US
and some EU member states). Another friend of mine, Jana Kobzova, says that “Ukraine and Moldova
have democracy, but no governance; while Belarus has better governance, but
not democracy”. Seems like Armenia
might fit into the second category – less democracy, but better governance.

OFF TOPIC: A fact I find interesting (and surprising) about Armenia is that Belgium
and Russia have roughly the
same share of Armenia’s
foreign trade
. Russia is
a strategic ally of Armenia
and is geographically close. And Belgium’s
position vis-a-vis the South Caucasus… no need
to explain. Though the explanation is that Armenia is processing diamonds
for Antwerpen’s diamond industry.

This piece forms part of the Nicu Popescu’s EUObserver blog.  

The European Council on Foreign Relations does not take collective positions. ECFR publications only represent the views of their individual authors.


Distinguished policy fellow

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