European security: The spectre of a multipolar Europe

The EU needs to build a trialogue on security with Russia and Turkey

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The European Council on Foreign Relations has published a major report on European security architecture called 'The spectre of a multipolar Europe', written by Ivan Krastev and Mark Leonard, with Jana Kobzova, Dimitar Bechev and Andrew Wilson.

The report argues that Europe is becoming increasingly multipolar, and in danger of lapsing into separate spheres of influence. It argues that the US is no longer willing to engage in Europe's internal security, and instead, the main actors – the EU, Russia and Turkey – must come together in a trialogue to build a new European security architecture. Turkey's EU accession process must also be strengthened alongside recognition of its recent emergence as a credible regional power.

The European Council on Foreign Relations does not take collective positions. ECFR publications only represent the views of their individual authors.

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