Experts & Staff

Hanna Ojanen

Why Finland never joined the frugal four

Recent signs that Finland has joined the “frugal four” are overstated, but one member of the group may well be its closest coalition partner.  

Spending to defend: NATO and the EU’s new budget

The European Union’s spending priorities in the next budget round could support both NATO’s changing defence requirements, and the EU’s standing with its own citizens, says ECFR Council Member Hanna Ojanen