Asia

Sea sore: Europe’s dilemmas in the Indian Ocean

The best security guarantees for the EU’s sea lines of communication lie in the convergence between its interests and those of India and the United States

The rule-maker race

In the coming decades, the question of who sets the global rules, standards, and norms guiding technology, trade, and economic development will be paramount. Having lost their exclusive prerogative in this domain, some Western governments have begun to rethink the universality of the rules-based order.

Germany, Europe, and the coming battle over 6G

Germany is right to view 6G through the lens of growing geopolitical competition. But, instead of investing in its own 6G programme, the country could better serve its interests by supporting EU efforts to develop standards in this area.

Germany’s new China policy

ECFR’s Janka Oertel and Andrew Small discuss how the new government in Berlin will adjust Germany’s approach to China