Nouakchott Process

Processus de Nouakchott


The African Union mission for the Sahel (MISAHEL) in Bamako hosts the Nouakchott Process Secretariat.

Date of creation

17 March 2013


The Nouakchott Process is not an organisation as such. The objective of this mechanism is to strengthen regional security cooperation and information sharing in the fight against terrorism, and the operationalisation of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) in the Sahelo-Saharan region.


2013 Creation of the Nouakchott Process
2014 First Nouakchott Process summit

Normative framework

2014 Adoption of the Nouakchott Declaration (First summit)
2018 Fifth ministerial meeting with the aim of reviving the Nouakchott Process


Political dialogue

Date Institutions Agreement
Since 2013 African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT), the Community of Sahelo-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), the Committee of Intelligence and Security Services of Africa (CISSA), ECOWAS, the AU Mission for Mali and the Sahel (MISAHEL), the North African Regional Capacity (NARC), and the Fusion and Liaison Unit (UFL), the UN (MINUSMA, the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) All these institutions are involved in the Nouakchott Process

Peace and security

Activity  Date Description
Intelligence and information sharing Since 2013 Meetings of heads of Intelligence and Security


Intelligence and information sharing 2013 Establishment of a secure communication system with the support of the Fusion and Liaison Unit (UFL) offering an interim arrangement, to extend its own system to countries of the Nouakchott Process and the African Union Mission for Mali and the Sahel (MISAHEL)
Capacity building 2013-2014 Workshops, training courses
Border management Not implemented Joint patrols and mixed units involving the defence and security forces of the countries of the region