Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN–SAD)
Communauté des Etats Sahélo-Sahariens
Kenya (2005), Liberia (2004) and São Tomé and Principe (2005) and Cabo Verde (2009) did not sign the revised CEN–SAD Treaty in 2013 and are no longer members.
Date of creation
4 February 1998
The primary objective of the organisation is the establishment of a comprehensive economic union and elimination of all obstacles impeding the unity of its member states to promote economic, cultural, political, and social integration. The revised treaty emphasised two other areas of cooperation: regional security and sustainable development.
||Creation of the Community of Sahel Saharan States
||CEN-SAD becomes a regional economic community (REC)
||The headquarters moves from Tripoli, Libya, to N’Djamena, Chad
||UN General Assembly
||CEN-SAD gains observer status
||Liptako Gourma Authority
||Signature of Memorandum of Understanding between LGA and CENSAD
Governance and development
|Election mission observation
||Deployment of observation mission for the presidential election in Mali
Peace and security
||Deployment in Central African Republic
||Payment of a financial contribution (€800,000) from the CEN-SAD acting secretary general to the African-led International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA)
|Prevention of violent extremism
||Proposition to create a regional counter-terrorism centre (based in Egypt) and draft protocol for future establishment and operation of the Permanent Peace and Security Council of CEN-SAD – Statement made by the ministers of defence.