Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)

Communauté économique et monétaire de l’Afrique centrale


Bangui, CAR

Date of creation

16 March 1994


CEMAC aims to promote peace and the harmonious development of its member states, in the framework of establishing an economic union and a monetary union. In each of these two areas, the member states intend to move from cooperation to a situation of union to complete the process of economic and monetary integration and to improve mutual assistance to support less developed member states.


1964 Creation of the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa (Union douanière et économique d’Afrique centrale, UDEAC)
1994 Creation of CEMAC, replacing UDEAC, which is officially dissolved in 1998
2002 Deployment of CEMAC Multinational Force in Central African Republic (FOMUC)

Normative framework

1994 Treaty establishing CEMAC
2001 Cooperation agreement between Interpol and CEMAC
2004 Signing of a non-aggression, solidarity, and mutual assistance between member countries
2009 CEMAC Revised Treaty


Political dialogue

Areas Date Activities
France 2020 Signing of an agreement between France and CEMAC about the new “Eco” currency

Governance and development

Areas Date Activities
Justice 2000 Creation of a CEMAC Court of Justice (N’Djamena, Chad) and CEMAC Inter-Parliamentary Commission (Malabo, Equatorial Guinea)
Fight against crime 2000 Establishment of the Action Group against Money-Laundering in Central Africa (GABAC)

Peace and Security

Activity  Date Description
Police 1997 Creation of the Central African Police Chiefs Committee
multinational operation 2002-2008 Force multinationale en Centrafrique (FOMUC) replaces the UN Mission in the CAR (MINURCA)