The European Foreign Policy Scorecard provides a systematic assessment of Europe’s foreign policy performance, analysing the performance of the 28 member states and the EU institutions on 65 policy areas arranged around six key issue areas: Multilateral issues; Russia; Wider Europe; Middle East and North Africa; United States; Asia and China. See scores below.
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Despite signs that Europe's confidence in its ability to address international crises has grown, more is needed to tackle the problems on its periphery. As the refugee crisis worsened in 2015, flaws in the EU response were laid bare. The success of EU multilateral diplomacy was mixed, with the Iran deal representing a high point.
The EU held a firm line in 2015 on Russia in a very difficult global environment, even when faced with challenges such as Moscow’s intervention in Syria. States renewed sanctions linking them to the implementation of the Minsk Agreement on the Ukraine conflict. Non-recognition policy on Crimea could be strengthened further.
The EU remained supportive of reform in the eastern partnership countries despite ongoing Russian intimidation in the region. The refugee crisis transformed the relationship of EU member states with the Western Balkans and Turkey, making them increasingly reliant on these migration transit states to manage their own external borders.
The Iran nuclear deal was the EU-facilitated success story of 2015, but there was also significant failure in the MENA region, as state breakdown and extremism worsened. The EU continued to lack a coherent response to the Syria conflict, which is profoundly affecting member states through refugee flows and terror attacks.
EU-US relations were strong in 2015, specifically on Russia and Ukraine. The EU took the lead on the Normandy format and sanctions in relation to Ukraine, cooperated on the Iran nuclear talks, and continued negotiations on TTIP. However the EU continues to lack a strategic response to reduced US engagement in the MENA region.
Competition between EU member states for Chinese capital grew in 2015 alongside a strategic push for engagement with the rest of Asia. As economic issues dominated, other foreign policy topics fell down the list of priorities. Few EU states challenged China on human rights, despite the situation on the ground deteriorating significantly.
Russian air strikes in Syria have killed:
893 ISIS fighters
1,141 non-ISIS opposition fighters
December 2015: Russia suspended trade pact with Ukraine
January 2016: EU DCFTA with Ukraine came into force
Progress on EU-Asia FTAs in 2015:
Deal with Vietnam
Negotiations with Japan
Opened negotiation with the Philippines
20,000: the number of conversations allegedly illegally recorded by the Macedonian intelligence services
Russia’s Arctic drills in July 2015 involved:
41 combat ships
EU training mission in Mali: 578 staff, costing €27.7 million for 2 years
UN mission in Mali: 12,893 staff, costing $923 million for 1 year
China and the EU called on developed countries to fulfill promise to raise $100 billion a year to mitigate climate change impact on developing countries
Top troop contributors to NATO forces in Afghanistan
Percent who think EU membership would be a good thing:
Kosovo: 89 - Albania: 84 - Macedonia: 41 - Montenegro: 35 - Bosnia and Herzegovina: 30 - Serbia: 24
UK aid for the Syrian crisis since 2012: £1.1 billion. It is the 2nd biggest bilateral donor worldwide, after the US.
Russia has the 2nd largest number of cases pending against it in the ECHR, after Ukraine. 45,000 Russians appealed to the court (2013-mid-2015)
Air strikes in Iraq and Syria under Operation Inherent Resolve:
The rest of the coalition: 2,231
29%: Drop in EU exports to Russia in 2015. 26%: Drop in EU imports from Russia in 2015. Russia was the EU’s 4th biggest trading partner in 2015
Japan, Germany, the UK, and France are the largest financial contributors to the International Criminal Court
5 NATO members (Estonia, Greece, Poland, the UK, and the US) met the defence spending target of 2% of GDP
Navigate the other sections of the document: Authors - Acknowledgements - Foreword - Preface - Introduction - Methodology - Abbreviations
ECFR's European Foreign Policy Scorecard 2016 was funded by Compagnia di San Paolo