Spielberg was right to step down but governments should look at China's policies within a historical context, and have a strategy for influencing Beijing beyond the summer of 2008
Areas of expertise
Geopolitics and Geoeconomics; China; EU-Russia relations; transatlantic relations; EU politics and institutions; public diplomacy and nation branding; UK foreign policy
English, French, German
Mark Leonard is co-founder and director of the European Council on Foreign Relations, the first pan-European think tank. His topics of focus include geopolitics and geoeconomics, China, EU politics and institutions.
Leonard hosts the weekly podcast “Mark Leonards’s World in 30 Minutes” and writes a syndicated column on global affairs for Project Syndicate. Previously he worked as director of foreign policy at the Centre for European Reform and as director of the Foreign Policy Centre, a think tank he founded at the age of 24 under the patronage of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair. In the 1990s, Leonard worked for the think tank Demos where his Britain™ report was credited with launching Cool Britannia. Mark has spent time in Washington, D.C. as a Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, and in Beijing as a visiting scholar at the Chinese Academy for Social Sciences.
He was Chairman of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Geoeconomics until 2016.
Honoured as a “Young Global Leader” of the World Economic Forum, he spends a lot of time helping governments, companies, and international organisations make sense of the big geo-political trends of the twenty-first century. He is a regular speaker and prolific writer and commentator on global issues, the future of Europe, China’s internal politics, and the practice of diplomacy and business in a networked world. His essays have appeared in publications such as Foreign Affairs, the Financial Times, the New York Times, Le Monde, Süddeutsche Zeitung, El Pais, Gazeta Wyborcza, Foreign Policy, the New Statesman, the Daily Telegraph, The Economist, Time, and Newsweek.
As well as writing and commenting frequently in the media on global affairs, Leonard is author of two best-selling books. His first book, Why Europe will run the 21st Century, was published in 2005 and translated into 19 languages. Leonard’s second book, What does China think? was published in 2008 and translated into 15 languages. He has published an edited volume on Connectivity Wars and is working on a forthcoming book on the same topic.
China is emerging not just as an economic giant, but as a powerhouse of ideas about politics, economics and world order. Its own model of globalisation could re-shape much of the world.
Despite its economic strength and military might, the EU has begun to behave as if it were subordinate to an increasingly assertive Russia
Despite its economic strength and military might, the EU has begun to behave as if it were subordinate to an increasingly assertive Russia. Read ECFR's "Power Audit" of EU-Russia relations.
Russia has emerged as the most divisive issue in the European Union since Donald Rumsfeld split the European club into ?new' and ?old' member states. Read an opinion piece published through Project Syndicate.
A global public opinion survey shows that there is growing public support for a more multi-polar world
A global public opinion survey shows that there is growing public support for a more multi-polar world, and 35% of world citizens would like to see the EU's influence to grow
Unless something goes badly wrong, EU leaders will agree a new treaty at this week's summit in Lisbon. This opinion piece was published by the Wall Street Journal.
With a policy team in seven capitals -- London, Paris, Berlin, Rome, Sofia, Madrid and Warsaw -- ECFR is the first genuinely pan-European think-tank, bringing together some of our continent?'s most distinguished researchers and analysts
The EU should become a global standard-setter for the energy transition, and prepare to manage the profound geopolitical repercussions of the Green Deal in its relationships with its neighbourhood
Most Europeans rejoiced at Joe Biden’s victory in the US presidential election, but they do not think he can help America make a comeback as the pre-eminent global leader
To manage in this new world, the EU and its members need to embark on a broad-based effort to recover their strategic sovereignty
The Trump years galvanised Europeans’ efforts to strengthen their own sovereignty; they now need to agree concrete offers they can make to the new administration
The shock of covid-19 in Britain may end the culture-wars politics set off by the Brexit referendum
New research reveals that the crisis has revolutionised citizens’ perceptions of global order – scrambling the distinctions between nationalism and globalism
Introduction The last five years have not been kind to the European Union’s foreign policy. The EU has been less relevant, less active, and less…
The EU needs to learn to think like a geopolitical power
Europeans can take steps now to enhance their economic power, without advocating increased protectionism or a retreat from globalisation
The results of the European election confront EU leaders with a considerable challenge: navigating a new, more fragmented, and polarised political environment
While Germany’s long-ruling centre-right parties continue to offer more of the same, the Greens have recently emerged as a serious contender in the run-up to September’s federal elections
China’s new strategy for achieving economic self-reliance and geopolitical dominance poses an unprecedented challenge to the West
The European Union should be in no hurry either to engage with Russian President Vladimir Putin’s regime or to force a diplomatic crisis. Rather than vacillating between resets and crackdowns, the EU should pursue a strategy of “principled indifference”
While America's crisis of democracy has been clear to see in recent months, equally consequential is its crisis of power on the world stage
Mark Leonard and Jeremy Shapiro predict ten bright and bold policy projections for the year to come
Many people in the European Union’s wealthiest states feel powerless to shape its future
Even with a new, far more sympathetic US administration, it will be incumbent on Europe to come to the table as a co-equal power bearing solutions, rather than as a helpless child begging for protection and guidance
The normalisation of relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (followed quickly by Bahrain) indicates that the Middle East is undergoing a strategic paradigm shift, with the Palestinians left out in the cold. But anyone who thinks that the region’s oldest ongoing conflict has been laid to rest should think again.
The covid-19 pandemic has exposed a gap between European aspirations and actions. If European leaders are serious about defending rules-based multilateralism and securing the European Union’s interests in the twenty-first century, they will need to start coming to terms with today’s geopolitical realities.
Although US President Donald Trump’s efforts to undermine the election are shameless, they are still more subtle than the outright election rigging that one finds in places like Belarus. Like other authoritarian leaders, Trump is deploying a new anti-democratic politics that has yet to be fully comprehended.
New ECFR/YouGov research reveals huge fluidity in current voting intentions: 70 percent of Europeans certain to vote are yet to make their choice. Nearly 100m swing voters are up for grabs.
Mark Leonard participates in a debate organised by The Institute of Art and Ideas (IAI) in London
Jacqueline Minor, Peter Wilding, Professor Sara Hobolt and ECFR's Mark Leonard analyse which direction the new government may take Britain
The heads of five of our national offices explain their national perspectives on a possible Brexit
Professor Joseph Nye talks to ECFR Director Mark Leonard about his new book "Is the American Century Over?"
A recent ECFR Black Coffee Morning event brought together three authors of reports on the possibility of “Brexit”
What are the prospects for a closer EU-India relationship following the upcoming EU-India Leaders Summit?
How would a (partially) Green government affect German foreign policy?
Could a "concert of powers” be the solution for the increasing power competition between the US and China and the current crisis of democracy?
What are different models for thinking about global order? How do ideas about war shape what statesmen and -women do?
How can the EU prevent the Turkey-UAE rivalry from destabilising European security and foreign policy?
Why did the approaches to handling the coronavirus differ so much even in all the countries around the globe?
The Integrated Review lays out a vision for the UK’s role in the world - how does look like & how does the EU fit into the picture?
What lies behind China’s dual circulation strategy? How will the EU approach all of this? And are European policy-makers really prepared to deal with this new challenge coming from China?
How can the Portuguese presidency strengthen European strategic autonomy?
What are the first challenges Draghi will face in his country and in Brussels?