The EU and the US lack a shared strategy for tackling economic coercion involving critical raw materials, and it could increase transatlantic competition during severe supply disruptions
Protectionism is not the answer. European countries must build public support for strategic openness.
Europeans need to pay closer attention to Russia’s growing opportunities to sell gas to China and other countries in Asia – otherwise they could be left even more at Moscow’s mercy
Threats to Germany’s and Europe’s economic sovereignty have won too little attention in the German election campaign. But, soon, policymakers in Berlin will have to take decisive steps to build up Europe’s strength against economic coercion.
When the EU is dependent on external suppliers for its green and digital transitions, and for protecting its citizens’ health, it is in a weak geopolitical position
China’s recent personal and economic sanctions have sent a strong message to Europeans, but there are concrete ways for the EU to build up its resilience against economic coercion
China is ramping up the pressure on European decision-makers, academics, and companies. The EU must move quickly to build its resilience against such economic coercion.
Europe needs to enhance its toolbox for protection against economic coercion, carefully balancing its strategy in five areas
Promoting the international role of the euro: Ideas for substantive progress and greater sovereignty
Strengthening the euro would reduce the power imbalance between Europe and its international partners and competitors
Germany and Europe must defend themselves against US sanctions. They can strengthen their armoury in two ways.