After months of failed short-term fixes and mounting panic, European leaders from Merkel to Cameron are now agreed that the only sustainable solution to the euro crisis is political integration. In ‘A Europe of incentives: regaining the trust of citizens and markets’ Mark Leonard and Jan Zielonka lay out how a more inclusive Europe could be achieved. The paper also suggests ways to avoid a Two-Class Europe where decision making is dominated by powerful countries, the technocracy-populism trap and continued crushing austerity.
In ‘Four scenarios for the reinvention of Europe’, ECFR’s director Mark Leonard offers a new framework for understanding Europe's efficiency and legitimacy crises, and examines the political and legal obstacles to a solution in different member states, the new cultural divisions in Europe, and the rise of new populist forces. We are running a series of responses from prominent thinkers and academics:
A report from ECFR reveals that euroscepticism extends beyond the UK.
An ECFR survey reveals the depth of euroscepticism.
Jose Ignacio Torreblanca and Mark Leonard's policy memo on trust in the EU underlines how pervasive…
An ECFR survey on euroscepticism shows that trust in the EU is falling across Europe.
ECFR's take on the "clash of wills" within the European Union.